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shutterstock-634563545.jpgThe lilac, Syringa vulgaris is a species of flowering plant belonging to the olive family, Oleaceae . It is native to the Balkan Peninsula and the wild species have scented flowers in pink to lilac shades. Breeding has extended the colour range through violets, purples, bluish hues and white.

Grown on its own roots it tends to be a multi-stemmed large shrub or small tree with a strong tendency to produce suckers. Over many years these can grow to form large thickets. In cultivation it is commonly grafted on to the privet rootstocks, although lilacs can be grown from cuttings and separated suckers.

For the best flower display, it is important to prune immediately after flowering. Regular deadheading will help avoid the tendency to flower every second year. Flowers are strongly attractive to bees and other insects.

They prefer full sun, reasonable drainage and soil that has a slightly acid to neutral pH

Garden cultivars grow to a maximum height of 4-5m, many to no more than around 3m.

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  • Alice Eastwood Lilac

    Alice Eastwood Lilac

    Lilac Alice Eastwood (Syringa xhyacinthiflora 'Alice Eastwood') has magnificent fragrant magenta to mauve double flowers in spring, that are a deeper red to purple when in bud. This long-lived deciduous rounded shrub has green leaves that are...

  • Belle De Nancy Lilac Belle De Nancy Lilac

    Belle De Nancy Lilac

    A wonderfully fragrant double pink flower is a feature of Lilac ‘Belle de Nancy’. Flower heads (panicles) start with mauve buds in spring changing to a strong lilac-pink colour finally fading to a bluish hue in early summer. Syringa...

  • Blue Hyacinth Lilac

    Blue Hyacinth Lilac

    Lilac Blue Hyacinth (Syringa ×hyacinthiflora 'Blue Hyacinth') has lovely mauve almost blue very fragrant single flowers, with darker pinkish purple buds. The flowers resemble the flowers of the bulb Hyacinth (Hyacinthus species). This long-lived...

  • Charles Joly Lilac

    Charles Joly Lilac

    Lilac Charles Joly (Syringa vulgaris 'Charles Joly') has attractive fragrant large double flowers in tight clusters. The beautiful flowers are a striking deep reddy purple colour. The long-lived deciduous shrub has heart-shaped green leaves with some...

  • Clarke's Giant Lilac

    Clarke's Giant Lilac

    Syringa x hyacinthiflora 'Clarke's Giant' (Lilac) is a deciduous medium to tall shrub with large clusters of fragrant gentian-blue flowers. The individual florets are very large. Flowers a few days earlier than most lilacs. 3m tall by 2m wide. Image...

  • Congo Lilac

    Congo Lilac

    Lilac Congo (Syringa vulgaris 'Congo') has beautiful very fragrant, large single flowers in clusters. The flower colour changes over time from claret-red to purple. The buds are a deeper colour adding more drama to the change of flower colour. This...

  • Cora Brandt Lilac

    Cora Brandt Lilac

    Lilac Cora Brandt (Syringa ×hyacinthiflora 'Cora Brandt') has stunning large clusters of fragrant double white flowers, with cream buds. The long-lived deciduous shrub has green leaves and some autumn foliage. Selected in the USA 1947. • Uses:...

  • Katherine Havemeyer Lilac

    Katherine Havemeyer Lilac

    An old fashioned double flowering lilac, Syringa vulgaris 'Katherine Havemeyer' is an upright deciduous shrub that will take on a spreading habit as the plant matures. Dense clustered panicles of fragrant, lavender-purple flowers fade to lilac-pink...

  • Michel Buchner Lilac

    Michel Buchner Lilac

    Syringa vulgaris 'Michel Buchner' Lilac - Large shrub or small tree, growing to 4m approx in height. Glossy green, heart shaped leaves with rose pink buds - Opening to large purple flowers, with white centres upon long, slim clusters. Lovely...

  • Missimo Lilac

    Missimo Lilac

    Syringa ×hyacinthiflora 'Missimo' (Lilac) bears single sweetly scented, rosy purple flowers in large clusters in spring. Foliage is heart-shaped and lush green. A very attractive shrub for any garden. 3m tall by around 2m wide, upright...

  • Mrs Edward Harding Lilac

    Mrs Edward Harding Lilac

    Lilac Mrs Edward Harding (Syringa vulgaris 'Mrs Edward Harding') has lovely fragrant large double purpley-red flowers that lighten to pink as they age. This long-lived deciduous shrub or small tree has heart-shaped dark green leaves and some autumn...

  • Olivier De Serres Lilac

    Olivier De Serres Lilac

    Lilac Olivier De Serres (Syringa vulgaris 'Olivier De Serres') has attractive fragrant large double mauve-blue flowers with darker buds. This long-lived deciduous shrub has green heart-shaped leaves and some autumn colour. From France 1909. • Uses:...

  • Persian Lilac (Lilac Persica)

    Persian Lilac (Lilac Persica)

    The Persian Lilac, Syringa × persica, is a hybrid between S. afghanica and S. x laciniata. Smaller and more heat tolerant than Syringa vulgaris it is a compact deciduous lilac that typically grows to less than 2m tall and around 2-3m wide. The...

  • Primrose Lilac

    Primrose Lilac

    Lilac Primrose (Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose') has unusual gorgeous fragrant creamy yellow single flowers that become more intense as they age. This long-lived deciduous shrub has heart-shaped lighter-green green leaves and some autumn foliage. Selected in...

  • Sensation Lilac

    Sensation Lilac

    Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation' (Lilac) bears unusual bicolor, sweetly scented flowers in large, pyramidal panicles of purplish red florets with white edges. Flowers in late spring. Recipient of the Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit...

  • Sweetheart Lilac

    Sweetheart Lilac

    Syringa ×hyacinthiflora 'Sweetheart' (Lilac) bears clusters heart-shaped, pale to deep pink double flowers after rose-pink buds. Flowers are sweetly scented and appear in mid-spring. Around 3m tall x 2m wide. Origin: W.B. Clarke, California, USA,...

  • Vulcan Lilac

    Vulcan Lilac

    Syringa x 'Vulcan' Lilac - A small tree or large shrub with a beautiful vase shape and lavender-purple, fragrant flowers with green foliage. Deciduous. Partial shade to full sun. A perfect specimen tree which is sure to please. Reaching approx. 2.4m -3...

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