The European or Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa)is native to Eurasia and northern Africa. With good soil and suitable rainfall it can reach 30m tall. The nuts are used for human consumption or as feed for livestock or milled into flour. The European chestnut produces useful timber. Named varieties of chestnuts have been developed to produce one large nut in the bur. These are called marrons.
- Uses: edible nuts, flower, animal feed, timber
- Features: ornamental value, long lived